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Madder We sell two types of madder Rubia tinctorium (Dyers madder) and Rubia cordifolia (Indian madder). Madder is one of the oldest dyestuffs. It is used to produce turkey reds, mulberry, orange-red, terracotta, and in combination with other dyes to give crimson, purple, rust, browns, and near blacks. Madder is cultivated and grows wild throughout India, south east Asia, Turkey, Europe, south China, parts of Africa, Australia and Japan. Madder is a complex dyestuff containing multiple colourants. By manipulating mordanting, pH, and temperature many shades can be obtained. There are many historic recipes including one from Turkey which brings out the purpurin from madder resulting in a purple. Madder is dyed at 35-100% WOF for a medium depth of shade. Dyeing: Madder develops to its deepest and richest reds in hard water water containing calcium and magnesium salts is ideal. If the water is soft add calcium carbonate (a single Tums tablet to 4 litres of water works well). Add dye material to dye pot and cover with water. Bring up to about 60C (140F) and hold for an hour. Add fibres and continue cooking for another 1-2 hours. Sold in 100gm and 225gm