may be of wood, metal, or our new environmentally friendly
frames of recycled plastic (Enviro Frames). These are
light weight, easy to clean and easy to lock into hinge
clamps, will not soak up water, rot, or warp. You can
buy the frames made to measure, or , in the case of wood,
construct them yourself from pre-cut lengths.
was the original material used, hence the name "silk screening",
but it is rarely used today in the industry. Multifilament and
monofilament polyester are the products used, monofilament being
the most popular.
Polyester mesh is made from twisted strands of polyester.
Polyester mesh is made from single strands of polyester
count is denoted by a number, which increases with the fineness
of the mesh. A mesh count for monofilament for 160 means there
are 160 openings per inch. Monofilament meshes commonly used
by textile screen printers are as follows:
Puff plastisol direct prints.
direct printing with plastisol inks.
detail and halftone printing with plastisol inks.
printing using Aquatex water-based inks.
decals and crests with multi-plastic solvent based-inks.
comes in counts 6XX to 16XX, again the higher number being
the finer mesh . The meshes most commonly used for printing
Aquatex water based inks are 8XX-16XX. For a mesh comparison
chart of multi-and monofilament meshes, as well as description
and technical data for mesh counts and inks.
TAPE - This plastic tape is applied around the outer edges
of the screen, making clean-up much easier.
- This compound is ideal for touching up pinholes or register
marks. Brushes on with a cotton swab or brush.
- An essential tool for cutting masking film.
FILM - Used for artwork preparation and for handcutting
positives. Easy stripping and very opaque.
A grey paste containing abrasive ideal for preparing mesh to
receive the stencil film. Since the mesh material is chemically
inert, the adhesion is physical. To increase this adhesion,
the mesh must be roughened with Autoprep.
FILM (PRE-SENSITIZED PHOTO STENCILS)
in stencil making! This is a light-sensitive photo-stencil
film ( a pre-sensitized factory-coated emulsion on a film
base support) used to create screen printing stencils.
The capillary film is applied directly to the screen,
dried, and then exposed to UV light with a positive. How
It Works: The film will harden when exposed to the UV
light. The positive, being opaque, will prevent some of
the areas of the film from being exposed and will remain
soft. After exposure, the stencil is washed with water
and the soft unexposed areas which were blocked by the
positive will be open, leaving you the negative image
of the positive on the screen.
- A sensitized emulsion is coated onto the mesh, generally
using a scoop coated, and then dried before exposing to
UV light with a positive. Brand names - Duracoat, Resistal,
Autosol Fast, Autosol Plus Clear
PHOTO STENCIL FILMS - A photo sensitive film that
is exposed to UV light, washed out, developed, and then
applied to the screen mesh. The carrier sheet is peeled
after drying the film, and then used to print. Brand names
- Five Star, Nova Star
STENCIL FILMS - Films that are cut by knife rather
than by UV light. Brand names - Autotype Solvent Green,
Autotype Autocut Amber
- Specially designed papers for screen printing with the "Heat
Transfer" method. The image is screen printed as a reverse image
onto the paper, placed image down on the substrate, and then
heat is applied with a heat transfer machine. Brand names -
Duo Trans II, Aqua Trans, Soft Trans ST88 Hot Peel, Transfer-75
and Copy Trans which has been developed as a instant heat transfer
- A basic piece of equipment (rubberlike blade in a handle)
used for flooding the screen with the ink and printing. Blades
have varying degrees of hardness (durometer) for different printing
- Features a wide-wing thumb screw for firm and easy fastening
to the screen frame. Easy to install, the clamp offers positive
locking for perfect registry and precise control.
- Apply to clean printing table to keep textile or paper in
place and wrinkle-free during printing. Will not stain fabric.
- An excellent biodegradable, environmentally safe wash-up for
plastisols and water-based inks. Also removes adhesives, tar,
grease, and other grime.
- Mixes with water to form a solution which removes the stencil