is Screen Printing?
call it serigraphy, hobbyist call it silk screen printing
a challenging and creative career?
printing industry today is a large and highly varied industry
in North America, and offers many exciting opportunities for a
motivated individual. Thousands of people are employed in this
business and it involves literally billions of dollars.
printing is ancient, yet a highly revolutionary industry.
printing is one of the world's oldest methods of printing words
and images. Its origin can be traced back to early Egyptian and
Chinese civilizations. Although it is an ancient process, there
have been many new innovations and improvements in the last decades.
Glow in the dark and scented inks, dye discharge for printing
on darks, environmentally friendly and extremely high quality
water based inks. Not to mention computer artwork!
on virtually anything.
it is still the only printing method that allows you to print
directly onto virtually anything, including vertical, soft, hard,
or round surfaces. Where other methods fail, screen printing often
offers the solution.
printing is universal - you see it everywhere.
the new processes and advancements, we come in contact with screen
printed materials everyday, everywhere. For example, most of the
plastic containers used for cosmetics, food, and industrial products,
billboards, supermarket signs, ball point pens, golf balls, T-shirts,
caps, safety stickers and product identification decals, imprinted
toys, decorative automobile trim and truck signs have all been
screen printed. Even electronic circuit boards and screen printed
with special conductive inks allowing speedier production and
Screen printing is simple.
- A screen fabric or mesh (similar to a window screen,
but much finer) is stretched tightly onto a square or
rectangular frame. The screen fabric may be silk, nylon,
wire, cotton organdy, but usually polyester.
- Part of the screen is blocked with a stencil.
- When ink is deposited onto the screen and frame assembly,
pressure is required to spread and push the ink through
those areas for the screen that are not blocked by the
stencil. This is accomplished by the use for a squeegee-a
flexible plastic or rubber blade supported by a holder.
- When the ink passes through to the surface below,
that surface (called the substrate) is printed with
the image defined by the stencil. The substrate may
be T-shirts, paper, glass, plastic, or any of numerous